Bhagavad Gita ch.1, verse 2

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Sanjaya reply to question asked by Dhritarashtra:


After looking at Pandavas army king Duryodhana went to his Acharya (teacher) Drona and said this. Vyasa was a great poet and thinker, every word that he put has a meaning. He is using word king instead of a prince, though Duryodhana was not a king yet, to show the attitude of Duryodhana that he considers himself as a person in power or king. Since his childhood, Duryodhana always considers himself as the rightful heir to the throne because the father was blind and totally dependent on him. pandavas are the only obstacle in his way. That’s why he develops hatred and aversion towards them and that arise because of his attachment towards the throne. The words attachment and hate seems to be opposite of each other but hate and aversion arise due to attachment. He went to his guru because he is fearful after looking at Pandavas army and he knows mastery of Drona and his strength. When we are fearful we will go to someone where we feel more secure like children hide behind their parents when they feel insecure. But not with humility of student but with the vanity of a king, like he wants to say that look you are my employee and make sure you must use all your strength to win this war. People feel most powerful when they are insecure, that’s why in most of the mental diseases person become violent because they lose grasping of reality and start feeling insecure about themselves. That’s why at that moment of war Duryodhana feel like a king or person in power.

Bhagavad Gita Ch.1, verse 1

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“The Gita” as we all know is a part of great epic Mahabharata. Mahabharata is not the only story of the battle took place between brothers a long time ago but, it is also a story of the constant battle that is taking place within us between ego ( our identification with mind, body, and intellect ) and our true self ( our identification with our soul ). There is constant conflict between them for supremacy. Ego always has deceptive ways to trick self. But self-has the steadiness and courage to outlast evil. With guru grace and the right guidance, the forces of self in us defeat forces of ego and establish peace and beatitude in us. Bhagavad Gita acts as a user manual or Guide which shows the path of victory of our soul. This conversation is taking place between Lord Sri Krishna and prince Arjuna in the middle of the battlefield. Arjuna is only seeking a solution of that particular problem, But Sri Krishna instead of giving a solution to that particular problem he is giving him the solution to all his problems in life so that no problem in life ever disturb him.

Usually, in Hindu Religion mostly complex topics are explained through a conversation between self-realized Guru and worthy seeker in a question-answer format, these seekers are worthy because they examined the life and understood the futility of worldly pursuits, so they seeking only spiritual knowledge from their gurus. But in Bhagavad Gita conversation is going on between a common man Arjuna and lord of yoga himself yogeshwara Sri Krishna, although Arjuna is a prince but he is still a common man because he having same problems as we have, he having same aspirations and desires as we have and he also thinks that this world is an unjust place and he has to obtain justice for himself. That’s why we easily recognize our self with prince Arjuna and find teachings of Bhagwat Gita useful to handle our day to day life situations. Our intellect having limited capacity to guide us through all the situations in life, then sometimes we have to seek divine intervention. Then ever compassionate Lord listens to us and guide us through our problems.

The war was imminent because Krishna and Pandavas exhausted all the means of peaceful settlement. As per conditions of the dice game, they spend 12 years in exilement and 1 year in hiding. And according to Dhritarashtra promise they are supposed to walk back to their kingdom as they left, Duryodhana is just a caretaker. But Duryodhana is so much comfortable with that unlimited power without any competition, that he turns back on his father’s word and refuse even to give land worth of niddles point. Here, we are seeing the difference, for mothers word even she says so in her ignorance all five Pandavas marry Draupadi but Duryodhan turn back on his father’s words. Krishna as a mediator try to settle this matter peacefully, give half kingdom back not acceptable, give five villages for five brothers not acceptable, or just give five places to live not acceptable so this war was imminent.

Maharshi Veda Vyasa in his last effort to avoid this war came to Dhritarashtra palace. And try to give him Divya dristi, So that he could see what mistake he is making by allowing this war to happen. But Dhritarashtra Blind in the attachment with his eldest son Duryodhana and of the kingdom does not want to see the truth. He is still expecting that Duryodhana somehow to win this war and all kingdom will be his. Dhritarashtra was also a very pious king he raises Pandu sons like his own sons but one weakness his attachment towards Thorne make him fall. One little weakness even brings fall in the life of great people. That’s why he requested to give it Sanjaya and after receiving it Sanjaya becomes world first war correspondent reporting live whats happening on the battlefield.

So when two armies facing each other on the battlefield, the first person who got impatient is Dhritarashtra he wants to know whats happening on the battlefield. So the first verse and only verse dedicated to Dhritarashtra is.


In the battlefield of Kurukshetra which is also Dharamakshetra, the battlefield Kurukshetra is named after king kuru who is the ancestor of both Kauravas and Pandavas, he was a very great and pious king and did everything according to dharma and it is also expected from his descendants to follow the same. King Dhritarashtra think that he followed his ancestor’s footsteps and did everything according to dharma that’s why he called Kurukshetra a dharmakshetra.These two people gather to fight with each other what does my sons and Pandu sons did. Here we see the first thing that he said is my sons and treat Pandu son as a third party. That’s we all do we are the center of our own universes each and every thought that generated in our mind is associated with our ego or false self, not with our true self that is the soul. Even though it is not completely associated with us but it is still somewhere contain that I. It shows that how strongly we are connected with our ego.

The person who is most anxious to know about war is Dhritarashtra Because somewhere in his heart he knows whatever he is doing is not accordance with his dharma of a king. Whenever we are working in the line of our dharma we are not worried about fruits of action. But when do something only because it seems right from other people perspective we are anxious about results of our actions.


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What is Bhagavad Gita?

Bhagavad Gita is a song, but not an ordinary song. It is a song of spiritual wisdom — a dialogue between God and Man (the teacher and the taught), giving lasting joy to all. It contains the essence of Vedic and Upanishadic wisdom and considered as both Upanishad and yoga-sastra. Upanishads contains knowledge about absolute truth and our oneness with it. This is known as Brahma-vidya and this Brahma-vidya is the main theme of Bhagavad Gita, that’s why each of its chapters is called Upanishad. And Gita is yoga sastra because like them it also gives practical guidance on how to attain the truth and live fulfilled lives. It is the nectar of Mahabharata and found at the center of the 18 cantos (parvans). It forms chapters 25 to 42 in the sixth canto called Bhisma – parvan. In its full form, Bhagavad Gita had 700 verses, split into 18 chapters, of which 574 are spoken by Krishna, 84 by Arjuna, 41 by Sanjaya and 1 by Dhritarashtra. It is a conversation though it seems like discourse, which takes place over 90 minutes while fully armed soldiers on either side wait impatiently for battle.

Gita demonstrates modern techniques of communication. Frist, Arjuna problem is presented in chapter 1, then Krishna solution offered in chapter 2 to 18. Krishna begins by telling what he will reveal in (chapter 2); he then elaborates on what he promised to tell (chapter 3 to 17); then he repeats what he has told (chapter 18). Krishan solution involves analysis (Sankhya) and synthesis (yoga) – slicing whole into parts and binding parts into a whole.

Gita is Sanjaya narration, we never listen from Krishna or Arjuna directly though he is saying lord said, Arjuna said. That’s why it is a third person perspective. Krishna and Sanjaya may be saying same words, but Krishna is understanding what he is saying and Sanjay is merely a transmitter, Arjuna wants to understand it to get rid his suffering and Dhritarashtra is not interested in it at all. He is even looking at it with an eye of suspicion and judgment. Gita is not objective truth what lord said instead of that it is a subjective truth it’s your understanding of Gita and my understanding of Gita. But always look upon Gita like a student with an urge to learn not like Dhritarashtra with suspicion and judgment.

Usefulness of Bhagavad Gita 

Gita talks about you, me and problems that we face. Give answers to our questions like: Who am I? How can I be happy? How do I get rid of anger? How do I remain calm in provocative situations? Why does God create this world? What is the goal of human life and how to attain it?

The human quest for peace and happiness has not changed from ancient time despite radical changes in lifestyle. Gita shows us three main ways to attain it: Bhakti Marg, Karma marg, and Gyan marg. It is a divine song sung by the Lord himself. Whenever we stuck in a situation where our intellect is unable to guide us, Then we surrender our self completely to lord then he appears for help and guides our way. There are no problems in life only situations and Gita teaches us how to handle them not by escaping from them, or by struggling to change them because everything in the world already changing, nor by suffering and struggling in it. But by facing them with a holistic viewpoint so we have better vision and understanding of that situation. And it also teaches us life is not all about facing situations but we also build it in meaningful, successful and joyful manner.