“The Gita” as we all know is a part of great epic Mahabharata. Mahabharata is not the only story of the battle took place between brothers a long time ago but, it is also a story of the constant battle that is taking place within us between ego ( our identification with mind, body, and intellect ) and our true self ( our identification with our soul ). There is constant conflict between them for supremacy. Ego always has deceptive ways to trick self. But self-has the steadiness and courage to outlast evil. With guru grace and the right guidance, the forces of self in us defeat forces of ego and establish peace and beatitude in us. Bhagavad Gita acts as a user manual or Guide which shows the path of victory of our soul. This conversation is taking place between Lord Sri Krishna and prince Arjuna in the middle of the battlefield. Arjuna is only seeking a solution of that particular problem, But Sri Krishna instead of giving a solution to that particular problem he is giving him the solution to all his problems in life so that no problem in life ever disturb him.
Usually, in Hindu Religion mostly complex topics are explained through a conversation between self-realized Guru and worthy seeker in a question-answer format, these seekers are worthy because they examined the life and understood the futility of worldly pursuits, so they seeking only spiritual knowledge from their gurus. But in Bhagavad Gita conversation is going on between a common man Arjuna and lord of yoga himself yogeshwara Sri Krishna, although Arjuna is a prince but he is still a common man because he having same problems as we have, he having same aspirations and desires as we have and he also thinks that this world is an unjust place and he has to obtain justice for himself. That’s why we easily recognize our self with prince Arjuna and find teachings of Bhagwat Gita useful to handle our day to day life situations. Our intellect having limited capacity to guide us through all the situations in life, then sometimes we have to seek divine intervention. Then ever compassionate Lord listens to us and guide us through our problems.
The war was imminent because Krishna and Pandavas exhausted all the means of peaceful settlement. As per conditions of the dice game, they spend 12 years in exilement and 1 year in hiding. And according to Dhritarashtra promise they are supposed to walk back to their kingdom as they left, Duryodhana is just a caretaker. But Duryodhana is so much comfortable with that unlimited power without any competition, that he turns back on his father’s word and refuse even to give land worth of niddles point. Here, we are seeing the difference, for mothers word even she says so in her ignorance all five Pandavas marry Draupadi but Duryodhan turn back on his father’s words. Krishna as a mediator try to settle this matter peacefully, give half kingdom back not acceptable, give five villages for five brothers not acceptable, or just give five places to live not acceptable so this war was imminent.
Maharshi Veda Vyasa in his last effort to avoid this war came to Dhritarashtra palace. And try to give him Divya dristi, So that he could see what mistake he is making by allowing this war to happen. But Dhritarashtra Blind in the attachment with his eldest son Duryodhana and of the kingdom does not want to see the truth. He is still expecting that Duryodhana somehow to win this war and all kingdom will be his. Dhritarashtra was also a very pious king he raises Pandu sons like his own sons but one weakness his attachment towards Thorne make him fall. One little weakness even brings fall in the life of great people. That’s why he requested to give it Sanjaya and after receiving it Sanjaya becomes world first war correspondent reporting live whats happening on the battlefield.
So when two armies facing each other on the battlefield, the first person who got impatient is Dhritarashtra he wants to know whats happening on the battlefield. So the first verse and only verse dedicated to Dhritarashtra is.
In the battlefield of Kurukshetra which is also Dharamakshetra, the battlefield Kurukshetra is named after king kuru who is the ancestor of both Kauravas and Pandavas, he was a very great and pious king and did everything according to dharma and it is also expected from his descendants to follow the same. King Dhritarashtra think that he followed his ancestor’s footsteps and did everything according to dharma that’s why he called Kurukshetra a dharmakshetra.These two people gather to fight with each other what does my sons and Pandu sons did. Here we see the first thing that he said is my sons and treat Pandu son as a third party. That’s we all do we are the center of our own universes each and every thought that generated in our mind is associated with our ego or false self, not with our true self that is the soul. Even though it is not completely associated with us but it is still somewhere contain that I. It shows that how strongly we are connected with our ego.
The person who is most anxious to know about war is Dhritarashtra Because somewhere in his heart he knows whatever he is doing is not accordance with his dharma of a king. Whenever we are working in the line of our dharma we are not worried about fruits of action. But when do something only because it seems right from other people perspective we are anxious about results of our actions.